Lemon Shark

Dogfish Shark- Reproduction, Biology, Diet and Facts…other information

Dogfish Shark

The dogfish shark is also known as spiny dogfish. The spiny dogfish, spurdog, piked dogfish, or the mud shark are some of the best well-known species of the Squalidae shark’s family, the part of squali formers orders. It is mostly found in the shallow waters, and the further offshore are in most details of the Squaliformers order. While these common names may apply to several species, Squalus acanthias is distinguished by having the two spines, which is now known as Pacific Spiny Dogfish in Squalus Suckleyi. The diet includes a wide variety of fish and invertebrates. Its size is almost 3 to 4 feet. It is last seen on the lurking in the North Atlantic and the North Pacific Oceans. Its other name is Squalus acanthias that aka the spiny dogfish shark. The reputations of those are small compared to the other sharks, which is often used as dissection.

Fun Facts About the Spiny Dogfish

Following are the fun facts about the spiny dogfish:

  • The pacific spiny dogfish reaches to the maximum length of 4.5 feet and the maximum weight of 22 pounds or nearly 10 kg.
  • Pacific spiny dogfish can live more than 80 years, while the Atlantic spiny dogfish which only lives for 35 to 40 years. After their tendency to the hunt in dog like packs spiny dogfish were named.
  • From the surface to more than 3,000 feet or 915 m deep the Atlantic dogfish can be found.
  • In front of both dorsal fins the spiny dogfish have sharp and venomous spines.
  • While the Atlantic Spiny Dogfish only lives for 35 to nearly 40 years the pacific spiny dogfish can live more than 80 years.

For 18 to 24 months the spiny dogfish are pregnant while giving them one of the longest gestation periods of any other vertebrates.

Fun Facts About the Spiny Dogfish


The dogfish shark contains dorsal fins and white spots along its back. Forming a heterocercal tail, the caudal fin has asymmetrical lobes. Acanthias refers to the two spines of sharks. The dorsal fins that have secret a mild venom into its predator, the shark can arch its back to pierce its captor along with the spine. Dogfish sharks are well known to hunt in packs that contain a range of up to thousands.

Males have a maturity level around 11 years of age and growing up to 80 to 100cm in length. While on the other hand, females mature in 18 to 22 years and are slightly larger than males and reach 98.5 to nearly 161 cm. Both genders have greyish brown and mostly are counter-shaded. During the copulation, the males insert one of the claspers into the female cloaca.

Reproduction of Dogfish Shark

The reproduction is aplacental viviparous, firstly well known by the name of ovoviviparity, while the fertilization is internal. The eggs are surrounded by thin shells called candles with one candle and usually cover the several eggs after the immediate fertilization process. The dogfish shark is the bottom dwellers, and they are mostly or commonly found at depths of around 50 to 150 but have been found more profound than the 700 m, which is near the 2,300 ft. The spiny dogfish’s estimated lifespan ranges from 35 to 55 years based on the vertebral centra and annuli analysis in the dorsal spines.

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The diet and feeding habits include squids, octopuses, and even including other sharks. The dogfish sharks are not considered to be dangerous, but their teeth are too sharp, which could damage and the dorsal fins spines those are slightly poisonous. Between 45 Fahrenheit to nearly 59 Fahrenheit, dogfish migrates to stay water. The most common shark alive and the dogfish sharks are very abundant.

Dogfish Shark

The dogfish are bottom dwellers, and dwelling in-depth dwells in the depths from the surface down to the 400 fathoms. Moreover, the abundant shark is small in size as compared to the other sharks. It is also known as the piked dogfish, spotted dogfish, cod shark, horndog, skittledog, and the white-spotted dogfish.

Biology of Dogfish Shark

Following are the biological properties of the sharks:

In offshore water, they spawn in winter.  As compared to the males, the females grow faster and are first able to reproduce at age 12, on the other hand, compared to males at age 6. The dogfish sharks are preyed upon by cod, seals, orcas, goosefish, red hake, larger sharks, and other spiny dogfish. On the crustaceans, smaller spiny dogfish tend to feed, and the larger dogfish sharks like to eat the jellyfish, schooling fish, and the squid. 

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